What does carbon steel look like?

What does carbon steel look like?

Question by *Waspwhopper__Gurlie*: what does carbon steel look like?
what does it look like? what are its properties?
i need to know if it is a metal and what color it is?

Best answer:
Answer by WΘMBAT is Sparky
Steel is iron that has small, but important, amount of carbon(C) added to it. Steel contains between 0.2% and 2.1% carbon. And yes, it's a metal.

If you don't know what steel looks like, you're blind, because steel is absolutely everywhere.

Are you saying you've never ridden in a car? Yeah, cars are made of steel. But in fairness, it's usually painted to keep it from rusting. Hammers and nails are made of steel. Your computer probably has a lot of steel in it.

"Carbon steel", or "plain carbon steel" refers to any steel that doesn't have *other* elements added to it, only carbon. Until recently, most steel that was produced was this type, due to it's low cost.

Steel that has *other* elements added is called "Alloy steel." Different elements can be added to steel to improve it's properties.

Most common example of an "alloy steel" is stainless steel, which has significant amounts of chromium, and sometimes nickel as well. Stainless steels by definition contain at least 12% chromium by weight. Stainless steels don't rust easily.

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Buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines and appliances are all made from steel. There are three main reasons that steel is one of the most common materials in the world, with over 1.3 billion tons are produced annually.

1. Safe and Durable

Steel is frequently used because it is durable and safe. Building materials underground may be susceptible to rotting and pests. Steel will not rot and is impervious to pests like termites. Steel also doesn’t need to be treated with preservatives, pesticides or glue, so it is safe to handle and work around. Since steel is non-combustible and makes it harder for fire to spread, it is good to use when building homes. Steel frame buildings are more resistant to natural disasters like tornados, hurricanes, lightning strikes, and earthquakes.

Carbon steel pipe is highly resistant to shock and vibration. Fluctuating water pressure or shock pressure from a water hammer have little effect on steel. Today’s heavy traffic conditions impose much stress on roadway foundations. Carbon steel pipe is practically unbreakable in transport and service, and for this reason it is okay to lay water mains under roadways.

The high tensile strength of steel in addition to its elasticity and ductility allow pipes to be used safely for very high pressures. A carbon steel pipe can be made much thinner than pipes made from other materials, so they have a greater carrying capacity than pipes of other materials with the same diameter.

2. Environmentally Friendly

Using steel for pipes is not only safer for people, but it is safer for the earth. Steel can be recycled. Each year, about 70 percent of all steel is recycled in North America, more than paper, aluminum, plastic and glass combined. Steel products can be recycled over and over without losing any strength. Producing steel has also gone green; almost half the world’s steel is produced in electric plants that use recycled scraps and generate no CO2 emissions. Carbon pipe suppliers are happy to know that they are doing their part to keep the Earth clean.

3. Cost-Effective

For any given pressure, carbon steel pipes can be made much thinner than pipes made from other materials, so they have a greater carrying capacity than pipes of other materials with the same diameter. Carbon pipe suppliers know that their steel pipes are cheaper than copper pipes. The unmatched strength of steel piping increases longevity and reduces the need for replacement and repairs.

Its versatility also makes it cost-effective. Carbon pipe suppliers can make pipes in many dimensions, from less than an inch to over five feet. They can be bent and wrought to curve and fit anywhere they need to be. Joints, valves and other fittings are widely available at good prices.

St. Louis Pipe & Supply has been leading the industry for over 20 years. Contact us today and learn how we can help fulfill your carbon steel piping needs on time and on budget.