What is High Carbon Steel and Low Carbon Steel?



What is High Carbon Steel and Low Carbon Steel?
What are they? what are their uses and whats in them?

thanks in advance x


Best answer:
Answer by JC
Carbon steel, also called plain-carbon steel, is steel where the main alloying constituent is carbon. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) defines carbon steel as: "Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, columbium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium, or any other element to be added to obtain a desired alloying effect; when the specified minimum for copper does not exceed 0.40 percent; or when the maximum content specified for any of the following elements does not exceed the percentages noted: manganese 1.65, silicon 0.60, copper 0.60."[1]

The term "carbon steel" may also be used in reference to steel which is not stainless steel; in this use carbon steel may include alloy steels.


Pure iron is soft and easily shaped. This is because its atoms are arranged in a regular way that lets layers of atoms slide over each other. Pure iron is too soft for many uses.
Iron from the blast furnace is an alloy of about 96 per cent iron with carbon and some other impurities. It is hard, but too brittle for most uses. So, most iron from the blast furnace is converted into steel by removing some of the carbon.
Steel
Carbon is removed by blowing oxygen into the molten metal. It reacts with the carbon producing carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. These escape from the molten metal. Enough oxygen is used to achieve steel with the desired carbon content. Other metals are often added, such as vanadium and chromium.
There are many different types of steel, depending on the other elements mixed with the iron. The table summarises the properties of some different steels.

A summary of the properties of some different steels



type of steeliron alloyed withpropertiestypical use
low carbon steelabout 0.25 per cent carboneasily shapedcar body panels
high carbon steelup to 2.5 per cent carbonhardcutting tools
stainless steelchromium and nickelresistant to corrosioncutlery and sinks

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